2020成人高考高起专英语答题技巧

一、做单项选择题时,要注意以下几个方面

(1)先易后难:一些考题的答案比较容易选定,可以先从这些考题入手。平时练习时,应以基础为主,主要精力不应放在偏题、怪题上。

(2)分析考查意图、运用相关知识:应学会分析出题者考查的意图,明确相关题的测试点是什么,然后运用所学知识,进行分析、判断,再进行选择。

(3)利用暗示进行选择:注意考题涉及的语境范围。平时应注重对习惯用语表达、惯用法和中英文化差别等方面知识的积累。

(4)运用排除法:可采取语言排除、逻辑排除、语法排除或选择排除等方法。先排除较容易、较明显的错误选项,缩小范围,而后对剩余的选项进行比较分析,最后确定答案。

二、做完形填空题时,在遵循第三章所述三个步骤的同时,还可利用以下几个判断方法

1.搭配判断法。

根据对以往试题的分析,搭配型考题在完形填空题中占的比例最高。搭配型问题主要测试常见搭配的熟练程度,比如说哪些词要搭配不定式、动名词或某种从句,哪些词必须与某个介词搭配。我们在复习时要特别注意短语动词和介词的固定搭配。

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2.结构判断法。

结构型问题主要包括句型、句式、连接词的选择等,解题时要运用句法知识,把握关键词,从而做出迅速正确的判断。完形填空题中有很多是利用语法的正确性与逻辑的排斥性间的矛盾来设计的。因此考生应结合上下文的合理性及意义关系的逻辑性选择最佳答案。完形填空中常考的逻辑关系主要有:

(1)转折、让步关系:这种关系表明后一种观点或事实与前一种观点或事实相比有些出乎意料。常见的表示转折、让步的词或词组有:but,still,yet,however,though,although,no matter,in spite of,anyway,even if等。

(2)因果关系:

表示原因的连词或词组有:because(of ),due to,owing to,thanksto,since,for,as等。表示结果的词或词组有:so,therefore,then,as a result,inconsequence,consequently,thus等。

(3)递进、补充关系:这种关系表示对前一事实或观点做进一步阐述。

常用的词、词组有:moreover,likewise,besides,in addition,also,too,not onlybut also,apart from,what‘s more 等。

(4)对比、比较关系:对比观点或事物间的差异性,比较观点或事物间的同一性。

表示对比的词或词组有:in contrast,by contrast,on the contrary,conversely,unlike,oppositely 等。表示比较的词或词组有:like,in comparison,comparewith,as,just as等。

3.词义判断法。

词汇型问题也是完形填空的一个考点,主要测试考生在段落语篇中把握语义连贯性的能力,提供选择的词可能是近义词、近形词也可能是随意拼凑的四个选项,遇到这类题,既要联系上下文,又要具有扎实的词汇基础,有时还须根据自己的文化背景知识做出判断、选择答案。

 

三、阅读理解训练

 

阅读理解是对字、词、句法的进一步学习和综合运用。在做阅读理解题时,除了掌握前面介绍的基本题型、基本法则外,还要进行有意识的阅读训练。提高阅读能力的训练主要可以从下面几个方面入手:词汇、方法、侧重点。

1.词汇:猜词的技巧。

在阅读过程中,不可避免地会碰到不认识的单词,考试中又不允许查词典,有些不认识的单词对文章的理解影响不大,可以忽略。但有些不认识的单词则会影响阅读者对文章理解的正确性。在这种情况下,必需猜测词的含义,这就需要利用猜词的技巧了。

最基本的猜词技巧有两种:一是根据构词法的规则猜,构词法的规则在前面的章节中已有介绍,这里就不重复了;另一种猜词的技巧是根据上下文的描述、解释、列举、比较等,运用已有的知识,分析、推断该词的含义。常用的猜词技巧可归纳为以下几种:

(1)利用词根、词缀构词法推测词义。通过构词法推测词义是最常用的方法之一。

(2)分析文中对该词的直接定义推测词义。

作者在行文中有时不得不使用某些难词、偏词,为使读者理解,作者常常会在文章中直接解释该词语。作者或通过同位语,或使用定语从句加以阐明,或用冒号、破折号、括号给出,或用语篇标志词引出,这类语篇标志词有:that is (to say);e.g.;or,in other words;to put it in another way等。如:She isbilingual.In other words,she speaks English and Frenchequally well.(bilingual:会说两种语言的)。

(3)分析文中对该词的近义复述推测词义。

同一短文中前后两个句子、短语或单词通常有互释作用,可以从上下文的复述中获取与某一单词或短语相关的信息以猜测词义。如:

It is difficult to list all of my fathe‘sattributes because he has so many different talents and abilities.(attribute:特质;才能)

(4)分析文中对该词的对比和并列表述推测词义。

利用上下文中的对比或并列表述猜测词义是最常用、最可靠的方法。有不少句子会在上下文中给出某个生词(尤其是偏词、难词)的同义词或反义词,运用对比或并列表达对这些生词加以推测。通过了解词与词之间的连接关系,特别是一些语篇标志词,如:however;on the other hand;nevertheless等,我们不难推断这些生词的词义。如:

If you agree,write yes;if you dissent,write no。(dissent:不同意)

(5)根据常识推测词义。

有些生词看似很难,但根据语境,根据读者的经历或常识,很容易猜出词义。如果所读的材料是考生熟悉的内容或在自己专业知识范围内,生词就更易化解了。

其实,猜词的方法并不限于以上这些,大家在阅读中要多动脑筋,善于总结,还能总结出一些更适合自己的技巧和方法来。

综合例题:从三个选项中找出与黑体词含义相符的答案。

例1.He is a courteous young man.He always pleases you andrespects old people.

A.polite B.short C.very答案为A.第二句说他如何有礼貌、尊重老人,是对上一句的进一步说明。可以判断他是有礼貌的年轻人,因此得出结论,courteous有 polite之意。

例2.Tame animals such as cats,dogs,and some birds make excellent pets;however,wild animals like lions and tigers are not good pets.

A.hairy B.calm C.loud,答案为B.阅读全句可看出,cats,dog,birds 与 lions,tigers相对,excellentpets与not good pets相对,可由此断定,tame与wild相对,所以,wild 反义词应是选项B.

2.阅读理解的解题方法。

 

(1)先看文章后做题。主要针对简单易懂的文章,时间又较充裕的情况。

(2)先看题目后读文章再做题。这种方法在时间紧、文章长的情况下更为实用。这样,可以带着问题去阅读,文章中的内容与考题相关时仔细阅读,与题目无关时可以置之不理,很快跳过去。

还有一些题目涉及一般常识或科普知识,可以在未阅读文章之前自己先行判断,在阅读时只要对自己的判断进行验证就可以了。

(3)快速阅读文章后面的题目,并将题目中的关键词(一般为实词,并且含有重要信息)用笔画出来。这样可以了解并获得将要阅读的文章的大概意思,做到有的放矢。阅读过程中,考生可以将含有重要信息的词、短语或句子等用笔画出来。这样可为答题做很好的铺垫。解题时寻找相关的重要信息就容易多了。

3.阅读理解的三个侧重点。

除了题目本身所要求查找的细节外,阅读时一定要注意不要逐字逐句地死抠,而要有所侧重。

(1)侧重首段、尾段,首句、尾句。因为这些部分往往是作者所要谈及的论点、主题或中心思想,抓住了主干,那么细节问题就会迎刃而解。

(2)侧重语篇标志词。

语篇中句子和句子之间、段落和段落之间就是通过这种词语连接起来的,把握住这些词语就等于把握了句与句、段与段之间的关系。对于获取所需信息、准确答题至关重要。语篇标志词连接的主要内容有:(1)例解,如for instance,forexample;(2)列举;(3)比较;(4)转折和对比;(5)原因;(6)结果;(7)方式和手段;(8)时间;(9)地点;(10)目的;(11)分类;(12)补充;(13)强调;(14)条件;(15)结论。

(3)侧重长句、难句。

因为英语表达以冗长著称,论理性很强的文章更是如此。通过较长的句子来表达复杂的思想内容,从而使文章更具有说服力。所以,我们在阅读时必须重视长句、难句,认真分析句子,把握关键。事实上,不少问题就是针对这些长句、难句而设置的。

以上是编者总结的几点解英语题的技巧。除此之外,要多做练习题,才能在实践中深刻体会,在练习中尽快掌握这些技巧并摸索出一套适合自己的方法。

2017成人高考英语作文题万能模板

一、投拆信模板

Dear_______,

Iam____ (自我介绍) I feel bad to trouble you but I am afraid that I have to make acomplaint about_______.

The reason for my dissatisfaction is ______________(总体介绍)。 Inthe first place,_________(抱怨的第一个方面)。 In addition, _________(抱怨的第二个方面)。 Under these circumstances, I find it ___(感觉) to________(抱怨的方面给你带来的后果)。

Iappreciate it very much if you could_____________(提出建议和请求), preferably__________(进一步的要求), and I would like to have this matter settled by ______(设定解决事情最后期限)。

Thank you for your consideration and I will be looking forward to yourreply.

 

范文示例:

投诉信:汤姆在一家商店购得劣质商品,遂与营业员交涉。但该营业员对他态度粗暴,不予受理,汤姆为此向经理写一封投诉信。

Dear Manager,

Now I am writing to tell you that I boughta TV set from your shop several days ago. But when I brought it home and turnedit on, I found it didn’t work properly. So I took it back to the shop and toldthe assistant what had happened. To my surprise, your assistant didn’t help meto solve the problem. On the contrary, he shouted at me rudely and refused toexamine it.I know that your shop enjoys a high reputation of good service, so Ibought the TV set in your shop. But today, I am sorry to find that such serviceshould have happened in your shop and your assistant didn’t seriously think ofthe interests of customers.

I hope you will look into the matter andgive me a reasonable explanation. I am waiting to know how you will deal withit. Thank you for your consideration and I am expecting an early reply.

 

二、求职信模板

Dear Sir or Madam,

①I write this letter to apply for the position that you haveadvertised in ______(报纸名称)of ______(广告发布时间)。

②Not only do I have the qualifications for this job, but I alsohave the right personality for a ______(工作名称)。③on the onehand, ______(第一个原因)。④On the other hand, ______(另一个原因)。

⑤Should you grant me a personal interview, I would bemost grateful. ⑥If you need to know more about me, please feel free tocontact me at any time at ______(电话号码)。

⑦Thank you for considering my application, and I amlooking forward to meeting you.

范文示例:

假如你是李平,九江学院商学院的大三学生,在当地一份报纸上看到一则招聘暑期兼职的工作。对此,你很有兴趣。按下列提纲写一篇求职信,字数100字左右。

1. 渴求工作的愿望 2. 技能和经历  3. 联系方式

Dear Sir/Madam,

I am writing you to show my keen interest in the part-time jobduring summer vacation in your shop which you recently advertised in the localnewspaper. I strongly believe I meet the qualification listed in youradvertisement.

I was born in June, 1985 and am going to graduate from School ofbusiness in Jiujiang University in June, 2007with satisfactory results in all the courses. I have been doing part-time jobsin several companies before, so I have gained much experience. Furthermore, I’mindustrious, friendly and have a GREat sense of responsibility. I believe I am mqualified for the post.Enclosed a copy of my resume. I’m available for aninterview anytime at your convenience. Or, if you are too busy these days, youcan contact me at 13601869708 for further information.

Thank you for your time and consideration. I am looking forward tohearing from you.

 

三、道歉信:

Dear ___________,

Iam truly sorry that_________________________(道歉的原因)。

The reason is that ______________(介绍原因) Once again, I am sorryfor any inconvenience caused. Hope you can accept my apologies and understandmy situation.

 

范文示例:

你是高明,不能在下周一下午四点与李青女士想见。写一封信给她,内容应包括:

1. 向她表示歉意;

2. 解释你的原因;

3. 提出把约会时间推后三天;

4. 写上一句你认为有必要写的话

Dear Li Qing:

I am writing to say I’m sorry that I will not be able to go for the appointment at 4:00p.m. on Monday next week.

This morning I got an urgent phone call from my boss in Guangzhou, and he askedme to flight there at once to join him in an important business negotiation.The Negotiation has something to do with the future of our company. I will haveto stay there for about a week. I hope to postpone the appointment for threedays till Thursday next week. Phone me and let me know if it is O.K. to you. Myapologies again.

Looking forward to seeing you.

 

四、邀请信

Dear________,

There will a ________________(内容)at/in________________(地点) on___________(时间). We would be honored to have you there with us.

The occasion will start at ___________(具体时间). Thiswill be followed by a _______(进一步的安排). At around______(时间),____________________________(另一个安排)

I really hope you can make it. RSVP before ____________(通知你的最后期限)

Yours sincerely,

Li Ming

 

范文示例:

假设你是育才中学学生会主席李华。你校将举办一次英语演讲比赛(speechcontest),希望附近某大学的外籍教师Smith女士来做评委。请参照以下比赛通知给她写一封信。

英语演讲比赛,主题:人与自然

时间:6月15日下午2:00-5:00   地点:501教室  参赛选手:10名学生

联系人:李华(电话44876655)  欢迎大家光临     注意:词数100左右。

Dear Ms. Smith

I’m Li Hua , Chairman of the Students’Union of Yucai Middle School, which is close to our university. I am writing to invite you to be a judge at our Englishspeech contest to be held in our school on June 15, it will start at 2:00 pmand last for about four hours. Ten students will deliver their speeches on thegiven topic “Man and Nature”. We hope that you will accept our invitation if itis convenient for you.

Please call me at 448876655 if you have anyquestions.

I am looking forward to your reply.

With best wishes

Li Hua

五、利弊型模板

Nowadays many people prefer A because it has a significant role in ourdaily life. Generally, its advantages can be seen as follows. First_______________(A的优点之一). Besides ___________________(A的优点之二).   But every coin has two sides. The negativeaspects are also apparent. One of the important disadvantages is that________________(A的第一个缺点).To make matters worse,__________________(A的第二个缺点).

Through the above analysis, I believe that the positive aspectsoverweigh the negative ones. Therefore, I would like to _______________(我的看法). (From thecomparison between these positive and negative effects of A, we should take itreasonably and do it according to the circumstances we are in. Only by thisway, _______________(对前景的预测).

 范文示例:

1、一些人喜欢住在城市,因为城市生活有许多便利。

2、但有些人喜欢住在农村。

3、我认为,„„

示例一:

Where to live —in the City or in the Country

Some people like living in the city becausecity life has many advantages. They think there are more job opportunities incities,life there is more colorful and meaningful than that in the country,andthere are more modern conveniences in cities for people to enjoy.

Butsome other people prefer to live in the countryside. They say life in thecountryside is closer to nature and better for their health,life there isquieter and that country people are more honest than city people.  I would like to live in a city when I amyoung to earn enough money and I live in the countryside when I am old forhaving a quite life.

 

示例二:

Advantages andDisadvantages of the Internet

Internet is now coming into our life. It brings us not only a lot ofconvenience ,happiness but also troubles. Some students use Internet as a tool tostudy. They look up the meanings of the words, a translated formof a sentence,the background of an event or a story ,the information of acompany or a famous person,etc.They also read news or send e-mails through it. Internet helpsthem learn more and study well.

On the other hand,some students play games,chat with friends ,see thepictures or films even the unhealthy ones on the Internet the whole day. Theyare not interested in their subjects. It’s very dangerous forthem!

The Internet’s advantages and disadvantages are shown clearly to us. I think weshould make good use of it and stay away from the unhealthy websites.

 

六、对比观点型模板

1)要求论述两个对立的观点并给出自己的看法。1.有一些人认为。。。 2.另一些人认为。。。3.我的看法。。。

Thetopic of ①_________________(主题)is becoming more and more popular recently. There are two sides ofopinions of it. Some people say A is heir favorite. They hold their view forthe reason of②_________________(支持A的理由一)What is more, ③_____________理由二). Moreover,④_______________(理由三).  While others think that Bis a better choice in the following three reasons. Firstly,_________________(支持B的理由一).Secondly (besides),⑥__________________(理由二). Thirdly (finally),⑦__________________(理由三).   From my point of view, Ithink ⑧________________(我的观点). The reason is that⑨____________________(原因). As a matter of fact, there are some other reasons to explain mychoice. For me, the former is surely a wise choice .    (2) 给出一个观点,要求考生反对这一观点

Some people believe that ①________________(观点一). For example, they think②

_________________(举例说明).And itwill bring them③_________________(为他们带来的好处). In my opinion, I never think this reason can be the point. Forone thing,④_____________(

我不同意该看法的理由一). For another thing,⑤_________________(反对的理由之二). Form all what I have said, I agree to the thought that⑥__________________(我对文章所讨论主题的看法).

七、其它热点话题优秀范文:

低碳生活

Now more and more people get to know it’s important to protect ourliving environment. From now on. I’ll use fewer plastic bags to reduce whitepollution. In order to save energy I’ll plant more trees so that the air willbe fresher. I’ll take less lift and reuse water At last l will use second-handbooks,so we don’t need to cut down more trees. If everyone takes action, ourenivronment will be better and better. Our world will be more beautiful.

金钱是一切吗?

In Money Everything?

I don’t think money is everything,but wecan’t do without it. Fox example,money can’t buy us happiness and a goodeducation. And for another example,money can’t buy us good health and a longlife. But we can not live without money. We need it for our daily necessitiessuch as food,clothes and transportation. What’s more,we need it to live abetter life. In short,we should learn the value of money and make the most ofits advantages.

温馨提醒
厦门易善教育提醒考生注意事项(请认真阅读):1、2020年10月24日到25日考试,请务必提前安排时间本人亲自参加考试,成人高考属于国家级考试,不得替考,否则替考及被替考者都将按照刑事违法处理。2、准考证请务必打印好,并认真看清自己的考试时间、考点名称及考试地址!一定要提前掌握好行车路线或公交路线,并且尽量提前出发。路线不熟悉的,请尽量选择公交或的士路线,以免耽误考试。

3、考试一定不能迟到!考场凭准考证和身份证进场,手机一定不要带进考场否则算作弊处理!
4、考场必须携带:准考证、身份证原件、2B铅笔、橡皮擦和黑色水笔(最好准备两支水笔备用)等。!

5、考试时候请务必把试卷上的选择题答案用2B铅笔填涂到答题卡规定的选项上。答题卡没填涂的,一律零分处理,2B铅笔考前请用小刀事先削好。