2020成人高考专升本英语复习要点

成人高考英语应试解题技巧。

一、做单项选择题时,要注意以下几个方面

(1)先易后难:一些考题的答案比较容易选定,可以先从这些考题入手。平时练习时,应以基础为主,主要精力不应放在偏题、怪题上。

(2)分析考查意图、运用相关知识:应学会分析出题者考查的意图,明确相关题的测试点是什么,然后运用所学知识,进行分析、判断,再进行选择。

(3)利用暗示进行选择:注意考题涉及的语境范围。平时应注重对习惯用语表达、惯用法和中英文化差别等方面知识的积累。

(4)运用排除法:可采取语言排除、逻辑排除、语法排除或选择排除等方法。先排除较容易、较明显的错误选项,缩小范围,而后对剩余的选项进行比较分析,最后确定答案。

二、做完形填空题时,在遵循第三章所述三个步骤的同时,还可利用以下几个判断方法

1.搭配判断法。

根据对以往试题的分析,搭配型考题在完形填空题中占的比例最高。搭配型问题主要测试常见搭配的熟练程度,比如说哪些词要搭配不定式、动名词或某种从句,哪些词必须与某个介词搭配。我们在复习时要特别注意短语动词和介词的固定搭配。

2.结构判断法。

结构型问题主要包括句型、句式、连接词的选择等,解题时要运用句法知识,把握关键词,从而做出迅速正确的判断。完形填空题中有很多是利用语法的正确性与逻辑的排斥性间的矛盾来设计的。因此考生应结合上下文的合理性及意义关系的逻辑性选择最佳答案。

三、阅读理解训练

阅读理解是对字、词、句法的进一步学习和综合运用。在做阅读理解题时,除了掌握前面介绍的基本题型、基本法则外,还要进行有意识的阅读训练。提高阅读能力的训练主要可以从下面几个方面入手:词汇、方法、侧重点。

.阅读理解的解题方法。

(1)先看文章后做题。主要针对简单易懂的文章,时间又较充裕的情况。

(2)先看题目后读文章再做题。这种方法在时间紧、文章长的情况下更为实用。这样,可以带着问题去阅读,文章中的内容与考题相关时仔细阅读,与题目无关时可以置之不理,很快跳过去。

还有一些题目涉及一般常识或科普知识,可以在未阅读文章之前自己先行判断,在阅读时只要对自己的判断进行验证就可以了。

(3)快速阅读文章后面的题目,并将题目中的关键词(一般为实词,并且含有重要信息)用笔画出来。这样可以了解并获得将要阅读的文章的大概意思,做到有的放矢。阅读过程中,考生可以将含有重要信息的词、短语或句子等用笔画出来。这样可为答题做很好的铺垫。解题时寻找相关的重要信息就容易多了。

3.阅读理解的三个侧重点。

除了题目本身所要求查找的细节外,阅读时一定要注意不要逐字逐句地死抠,而要有所侧重。

成人高考英语万能作文模板

一、投拆信模板

Dear_______,

Iam____ (自我介绍) I feelbad to trouble you but I am afraid that I have to make a complaintabout_______.

The reason for my dissatisfaction is ______________(总体介绍)。 In the first place,_________(抱怨的第一个方面)。 In addition, _________(抱怨的第二个方面)。 Under thesecircumstances, I find it___(感觉) to________(抱怨的方面给你带来的后果)。

Iappreciate it very much if you could_____________(提出建议和请求), preferably __________(进一步的要求), and I would like to have this matter settled by ______(设定解决事情最后期限)。

Thank you for your consideration and I will be looking forward to yourreply.

范文示例:

投诉信:汤姆在一家商店购得劣质商品,遂与营业员交涉。但该营业员对他态度粗暴,不予受理,汤姆为此向经理写一封投诉信。

Dear Manager,

Now I am writing to tell you that I boughta TV set from your shop several days ago. But when I brought it home and turnedit on, I found it didn’t work properly. So I took it back to the shop and toldthe assistant what had happened. To my surprise, your assistant didn’t help meto solve the problem. On the contrary, he shouted at me rudely and refused toexamine it.I know that your shop enjoys a high reputation of good service, so Ibought the TV set in your shop. But today, I am sorry to find that such serviceshould have happened in your shop and your assistant didn’t seriously think ofthe interests of customers.

I hope you will look into the matter andgive me a reasonable explanation. I am waiting to know how you will deal withit. Thank you for your consideration and I am expecting an early reply.

 

二、求职信模板

Dear Sir or Madam,

①I writethis letter to apply for the position that you have advertised in ______(报纸名称)of ______(广告发布时间)。

②Not only doI have the qualifications for this job, but I also have the right personality for a ______(工作名称)。③on the one hand, ______(第一个原因)。 ④On the other hand, ______(另一个原因)。

⑤Should yougrant me a personal interview, I would be most grateful. ⑥If you need to know more about me, please feel free to contact me at any time at ______(电话号码)。

⑦Thank youfor considering my application, and I am looking forward to meeting you.

范文示例:

假如你是李平,九江学院商学院的大三学生,在当地一份报纸上看到一则招聘暑期兼职的工作。对此,你很有兴趣。按下列提纲写一篇求职信,字数100字左右。

1. 渴求工作的愿望 2. 技能和经历  3. 联系方式

Dear Sir/Madam,

I am writingyou to show my keen interest in the part-time job during summer vacation inyour shop which you recently advertised in the local newspaper. I stronglybelieve I meet the qualification listed in your advertisement.

I was bornin June, 1985 and am going to graduate from School of business in Jiujiang University in June, 2007 withsatisfactory results in all the courses. I have been doing part-time jobs inseveral companies before, so I have gained much experience. Furthermore, I’mindustrious, friendly and have a GREat sense of responsibility. I believe I am mqualified for the post.Enclosed a copy of my resume. I’m available for an interview anytime at your convenience. Or, if youare too busy these days, you can contact me at 13601869708 for furtherinformation.

Thank youfor your time and consideration. I am looking forward to hearing from you.

 

三、道歉信:

Dear ___________,

Iam truly sorry that_________________________(道歉的原因)。

The reason is that ______________(介绍原因) Once again, I am sorry for any inconvenience caused. Hope you can accept myapologies and understand my situation.

范文示例:

你是高明,不能在下周一下午四点与李青女士想见。写一封信给她,内容应包括:

1. 向她表示歉意;

2. 解释你的原因;

3. 提出把约会时间推后三天;

4. 写上一句你认为有必要写的话

Dear Li Qing:

I am writingto say I’m sorry thatI will not be able to go for the appointment at 4:00 p.m. on Monday next week.

This morningI got an urgent phone call from my boss in Guangzhou, and he asked me to flight there atonce to join him in an important business negotiation. The Negotiation hassomething to do with the future of our company. I will have to stay there forabout a week. I hope to postpone the appointment for three days till Thursdaynext week. Phone me and let me know if it is O.K. to you. My apologies again.

Lookingforward to seeing you.

四、邀请信

Dear________,

There will a________________(内容)at/in________________(地点) on___________(时间). We would be honored to have you there with us.

The occasionwill start at ___________(具体时间). This will be followed by a _______(进一步的安排). At around______(时间),____________________________(另一个安排)

I really hopeyou can make it. RSVP before ____________(通知你的最后期限)

Yourssincerely,

Li Ming

 范文示例:

假设你是育才中学学生会主席李华。你校将举办一次英语演讲比赛(speechcontest),希望附近某大学的外籍教师Smith女士来做评委。请参照以下比赛通知给她写一封信。

英语演讲比赛,主题:人与自然

时间:6月15日下午2:00-5:00   地点:501教室  参赛选手:10名学生

联系人:李华(电话44876655) 欢迎大家光临     注意:词数100左右。

Dear Ms. Smith

I’m Li Hua , Chairman of the Students’Union of Yucai Middle School, which is close to our university. I am writing to invite you to be a judge at our Englishspeech contest to be held in our school on June 15, it will start at 2:00 pmand last for about four hours. Ten students will deliver their speeches on thegiven topic “Man and Nature”. We hope that you will accept our invitation if itis convenient for you.

Please call me at 448876655 if you have anyquestions.

I am looking forward to your reply.

With best wishes

Li Hua

五、利弊型模板

Nowadays many people prefer A because it has a significant role in ourdaily life. Generally, its advantages can be seen as follows. First_______________(A的优点之一).Besides ___________________(A的优点之二).   But every coin has twosides. The negative aspects are also apparent. One of the importantdisadvantages is that ________________(A的第一个缺点).To makematters worse,__________________(A的第二个缺点).

Through the above analysis, I believe that the positive aspectsoverweigh the negative ones. Therefore, I would like to _______________(我的看法). (From the comparison between these positive and negative effects ofA, we should take it reasonably and do it according to the circumstances we arein. Only by this way, _______________(对前景的预测).

 范文示例:

1、一些人喜欢住在城市,因为城市生活有许多便利。

2、但有些人喜欢住在农村。

3、我认为,„„

示例一:

Where to live —in the City or in the Country

Some people like living in the city becausecity life has many advantages. They think there are more job opportunities incities,life there is more colorful and meaningful than that in the country,andthere are more modern conveniences in cities for people to enjoy.

Butsome other people prefer to live in the countryside. They say life in thecountryside is closer to nature and better for their health,life there isquieter and that country people are more honest than city people.  I would like to live in a city when I amyoung to earn enough money and I live in the countryside when I am old forhaving a quite life.

 

六、对比观点型模板

1)要求论述两个对立的观点并给出自己的看法。1.有一些人认为。。。 2.另一些人认为。。。3.我的看法。。。

Thetopic of ①_________________(主题)is becoming more and morepopular recently. There are two sides of opinions of it. Some people say A isheir favorite. They hold their view for the reason of②_________________(支持A的理由一)What is more, ③_____________理由二). Moreover,④_______________(理由三).  While others think that Bis a better choice in the following three reasons. Firstly,_________________(支持B的理由一). Secondly (besides),⑥__________________(理由二). Thirdly (finally),⑦__________________(理由三).   From my point of view, Ithink ⑧________________(我的观点). The reason is that⑨____________________(原因). As a matter of fact, there aresome other reasons to explain my choice. For me, the former is surely a wisechoice .    (2)给出一个观点,要求考生反对这一观点

Some people believe that ①________________(观点一). For example, they think②

_________________(举例说明).And it will bring them③_________________(为他们带来的好处). In my opinion, I neverthink this reason can be the point. For one thing,④_____________(

我不同意该看法的理由一). Foranother thing,⑤_________________(反对的理由之二). Form all what I have said, I agreeto the thought that⑥__________________(我对文章所讨论主题的看法).

成人高考英语词组经典:

1.able ability enable capable be able to do能够做…

have theability to do 能够做,有能力做…:

He has theability to make very good boat.

enable ** todo 使…能做…:

Internet hasenabled us to get information from all over the world.

Be capableof 能够做…:He iscapable of drawing oil painting.

He is ableto read and write in English.

2.absent 反义词:present

3.abroad 国外,海外:live ~ go ~

Many youngpeople are eager to go abroad to study.

4.access:入口,途径;机会,权利。Have access to sth

Citizens inthe town all have access to the books in the local(当地的)library.

5.absorb 吸收 be absorbed in 全神贯注于…

All thestudents are absorbed in Professor’s lecture on China’s economy.

6.accept 接受 receive 收到(不一定接受)

She receiveda gift from him,but she didn’t accept it.

7.byaccident=by chance 偶然地 on purpose 故意地

8.accordingto 根据

According tothe article,environmentalpollution has been taken under control.

9.take…into account=take…into consideration 把…考虑在内

I hope myteacher will take into account my illness when he grades our test paper.

Account 描述

She gave anaccount of what he saw in China.

10.accuse **of sth = charge ** with(for)sth 指责…做了…;指控…犯了…

He was accusedof robbing the bank and sentenced ten years in gail.

His mothercharged him with being lazy.

11.beaccustomed to = be used to 习惯于后接 sth 或 doing sth

used to 过去有过去常常后接 do sth

Mr. Smith isnot used/accustomed to driving on the right.

I’m already used to the life here.

There usedto be a house near the river.

He used toget up while he was in the middle school.

12.achieve 获得,达到

You willachieve nothing if you waste your time this way.

13.adapt=adjust适应~ adopt 收养;采用

You shouldadapt to college life as soon as possible.

He adjustedhimself very quickly to the weather in the country.

14.add to 增添 add up to 总计达

15.inaddition(to)=besides 此外

In order tomaster a foreign language,we should learn some grammar. In addition,we’d better learn some words.

16.adequate=enough

17.admit 承认

He admittedhim mistake at last.

18.in advance预先,提前

You shouldinform(通知)me inadvance if you are going to come.

19.takeadvantage of = make use of 利用

We can takeadvantage of computer to analyze data.

A good habitin learning is to make full use of class time.

20.affect(v.)effect(n.)influence(v&n)影响 effort 努力

have aneffect/influence on 对…有影响

make aneffort to do 或 make effortsto do

The latestdiscovery in gene will have a great effect on the health of human beings.

They madegreat efforts to find a new cure to lung cancer.

21.afford(to do)sth买/花/用/支付得起

It’s hard to imagine how he can afford(to buy)a house on his small salary.

22.be afraidof 担心,害怕

23.at the ageof

24.agree with同意

agree on 同意(双方就…达成一致)

agree to 同意(上级,父母对下级,晚辈允许…)

The twocountries have agreed on the date for next talk.

My parentsdon’t agree to mystaying outside overnight.

25.ahead oftime 提前

We finishedour assignment ahead of time.

26.by air=byplane by sea= by ship by bus/train on foot

27.after all 毕竟 above all 首先(not…)at all一点(也不)all over

28.allow/permit…to do…允许…做…

29.although/thoughbut 连词不能同时用在句子中。

As 连词倒装句

in spiteof/despite 介词不连接句子

Although hewas seriously ill,he went onwith the experiment.

Young as heis,he hasalready learned three foreign languages:English,French and Japanese.

Although heis young,he hasalready learned three foreign languages:English,French and Japanese.

In spiteof/despite his illness,he went on with his experiment.

30.be angrywith ** be angry at sth

31.apartfrom=besides除了…。之外,还有…

=except 除了…

No one knowswhat happened except mr. Smith.

He has alarge collection of books besides CDs.

32.apply(~for申请)应用

He hassuccessfully applied for a position(职位)in the company.

33.appreciate欣赏

感激(加动名词doing)

I reallyappreciate your coming to the party.类似动词有:

enjoy,mind介意,avoid避免,escape逃避,can’t help禁不住,risk冒险,need=want需要

insist on 坚持

My hairneeds cutting.

34.approve 赞成,批准

35.argue with** 与…争论

36.arise~fromrise arouse raise

New problemswill arise as the old ones have been solved.(出现)

Are thereany things arising from last meeting?(源于)

His speech arousedlittle interest among the students.(引起,激起)

The companyhas raised the prices of its products.(提高)

The pricesof goods rose day by day during the Spring Festival.(上升)

37.Artificial人工的,假的~ flowers

38.as for 至于 as to 关于,至于 as if/though 似乎,好象

39.ask for 要求

40.attachimportance to 重视

41.payattention to重视catch one’s attention引起…注意/重视

42.available可得/买到的

There is noticket available.

43.average平均on(the) ~

44.be awareof = realize意识到be sure一定要,肯定

Heapologized to us for the mistake as soon as he was aware of it.

Be sure notto be late for the meeting.

I’m sure the play will be a greatsuccess.

45.back up支持

46.background背景

47.base ~…on…把…建立在…基础之上

His articleis based on the research.

48.bear忍受,容忍同义词:

enduretolerate stand put up with

She cannotbear to see the child in pains.

49.do/try one’s best

He said hewould try his best to carry out the plan.

50.because连词:There will be no meeting becausethe manager will be on the vacation next week.

because of介词:His wedding will be put offbecause of his father’s death.

51.best make the ~ of很好地利用

52.had betterdo最好You’d better finish reading the book inthis week,since I’m going to return it to thelibrary.

would ratherdo宁愿I’d rather go there myself.

53.beyond超出…

Theprofessor’s lecture isbeyond me/beyond my understanding (超出我的理解范围)。

The apple onthe tree is beyond my reach(够不着)。

54.Both…and…两者都either…or…或者…或者…

neither…。nor…。两者都不

55.be boundto do注定…

You’re bound to succeed as long as(只要)you keep on trying.

56.breakinto闯入break out爆发break through突破

break up(关系等)破裂

57.catch one’s breath

58.calloff=cancel取消callon=visit拜访call for请求,号召

The residentcalled for the people to fight against the invaders.

59.care for关心,在乎take care保重take care of=look after照顾

60.carry on继续carry out实施,执行

They decidedto carry out the plan despite the opposition.

61.case事实,实情;箱子;案例;病例

in case(of)以防,万一Take my umbrella in case it rains.

In mostcases在大多数情况下

In no case决不in no way by no means

62.catch upwith赶上,保持一致keep upwith keep pace with

63.(be)in charge of 掌管,负责

take chargeof 掌管,负责

charge…for…开价,要价

The shortman there is in charge of our company.

The hotelcharges $100 for a double room.

64.challenge挑战

65.change 零钱(n.)换零钱(v.)

66.comfortv.& n安慰;舒适,舒服

comfortable舒服的,舒适的

67.have…in common有共同之处

Althoughthey are twins they have little in common.

68.communicate传播,交流

69.compare…to…把…比作…。

compare…with…把…与…相比

Poets likecomparing their lovers to red roses.

Comparedwith brain,computerstill has some shortcomings.

70.complainof/about抱怨

71.be madeup of由…。组成becomposed of consist of

72.concentrateon集中注意力于beengaged in

73.as far as…be concerned就…而言

As far aswages are concerned,I’m verydissatisfied with the present job.

Concerning=about关于

74.contribute捐献contribute to有助于

Computerswill contribute many conveniences to our work.

75.control outof control失去控制under ~在控制之下

76.convenient方便,便利的

77.convince使相信/信服convince…of…

I’m convinced(=I believe)that where there is a will,there is a way.

He was notconvinced of his wife’s guilty.

78.cope withdeal with handle处理,应付

79.at the costof以…为代价He savedthe drown child at the cost of his own life.

at the riskof冒着…危险…

cost spend

The overcoatcost him $200.

He spent$200 on(in buying)the overcoat.

80.count ondepend on rely on依靠,依赖

81.create创造

82.custom习俗customs海关

83.damage损坏(部分)destroy毁灭(全部)hurt伤害

injure受伤;ruin摧毁;spoil破坏(心情,兴致等)

Our holidaywas spoiled buy the bad weather.

Theearthquake has destroyed the city entirely.

84.agood/great deal许多,大量

85.degree学位程度=extent to some extent/degree在某种程度上

86.demandorder suggest propose insist等后that从句用虚拟语气(加动词原形)

The generalordered that the bridge (should) be repairedbefore daybreak.

87.deny否认,拒绝(给予)

He deniedbreaking the window.

Women weredenied the right to vote in the past in the U.S.

88.in detail详细地

He explainedthe question to us in ~.

89.devote…。 To…致力于

Thescientist devoted the whole life to the study of chemistry.

90.do awaywith废除get rid of摆脱除掉

have…to do with与…有关

It hasnothing to do with what you are talking about.

Do away withthe law.

He managedto get rid of the man followed him.

91.dropin=drop by=visit

92.due到期的The book will be due next week.

(按计划,安排要)发生,到达的

What timewill the next bus due?

The nextmeeting is due to be held in three months’time.

due to=because of=owing to因为,由于

Hispromotion is due to his hard working.

Due to theheavy rain,we have togive up the plan for the weekends.

93.economic经济的economical节俭的

94.effective有效的efficient效率高的

95.else其它的something ~ somebody ~

96.in theend最终(结果)at last最后(经过很长时间)

I havefinished the essay at last.

We werethinking of going to England,but in the end we went to the USA.

97.enjoyoneself=have a good time玩的开心help oneself随便

98.establish=setup=found

99.evident=obvious=apparent明显的显而易见的

100.forexample=for instance

101.beexhausted=be tired out =be worn out筋疲力尽的

102.exist存在

103.expose暴露受影响

Beingexposed to the sun for some time can do good to your health.

Many oftoday’s teenagershave been exposed too much to violence and sex.

104.face upto(勇敢)面对be facedwith面临encounter面临

105.in factas a matter as a fact实际上事实上

106.befamiliar with

107.by far非常,最(修饰比较级和最高级)so far迄今为止(完成时态)

far from 远非(否定)

In myopinion,he is by farthe most suitable one for the job.

He sent outa letter to apply for the job,but has received no answer so far.

My Englishis far from perfect.

108.fare交通费fee费用tuition学费

109.favor do** a favor帮…个忙in favorof赞成

I’m in favor of his suggestion that apower plant(电厂)be built.

Would you dome a favor to carry the box upstairs?

110.feellike doing sth would like to do sth喜欢/想做…。

111.field田野,领域

112.fill in填写be filled with充满

Would youlike to fill in your address and telephone here?

113.fine罚款

厦门易善教育提醒考生注意事项(请认真阅读):1、2020年10月24日到25日考试,请务必提前安排时间本人亲自参加考试,成人高考属于国家级考试,不得替考,否则替考及被替考者都将按照刑事违法处理。

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